How the Hiring Process Really Works
by Lynna Peterson
How do hiring managers focus on finding the right person for a job opening? The recruiting process is different in each industry, but most companies follow similar procedures. Some companies will inform a candidate if they are not selected for a position where others will not tell them. As a job candidate, it can be frustrating to wait around for a phone call and not get an answer about why you were overlooked for the position. Here is a detailed description of how the hiring process works:
The recruiting process is different in each industry, but most companies follow similar procedures
1. Job Posting
A job is posted using automated programs or other methods. Once the position is posted, applications start coming in. The screening process will involve weeding out the applications that do not fit all the criteria needed to perform the job. In some companies, a single position can have over 200 applications. Using automated software to filter through the applications can reduce the amount of time it takes to find candidates that are qualified to do the job.
2. Narrowing Down the Applicant Pool
Once Human Resources or the hiring manager has had time to review the best applications, they will start contacting people. Some companies will send rejection letters to each person that applied for the job as this helps to avoid having multiple people call the office or send emails to inquire that their application was received. Some hiring managers will carefully read over the cover letters and information attached to the application to scrutinize the applicant. The first stage of hiring normally consists of phone interviews with about 20 different applicants. Phone interviews are helpful to see how a person responds to difficult questions, and to see if a person can establish rapport over the phone. Some companies will do a second phone interview before scheduling an on-site interview.
3. On-Site Interview
Individuals chosen to come in for on-site interviews are in the final running for the job position. Companies are seeking individuals with the right criteria and experience to do the job. They are looking for people that are well-rounded and will be able to adapt to the company culture. Many of the questions during the interview phase will discuss work history, career goals, and role-playing exercises. This information allows a company to see how an individual will approach a problem that is similar to something they may face if hired for the position. After the interview, the hiring manager will speak to others that sat-in on the interview to discuss the pros and cons of each candidate before making their selection.
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